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502.4 - Search and Seizure

School district property is held in public trust by the board. School district authorities may, without a search warrant, search a student; student lockers; personal effects; desks; work areas; or student vehicles based on a reasonable suspicion that a board policy, school rule, or law has been broken. The search will be in a manner reasonable in scope to maintain order and discipline in the schools; promote the educational environment; and protect the safety and welfare of students, employees, and visitors to the school district facilities. The furnishing of a locker, desk, or other facility or space owned by the school and provided as a courtesy to a student, even if the student provides the lock for it, will not create a protected student area and will not give rise to an expectation of privacy with respect to the locker, desk, or other facility.

School authorities may seize any illegal, unauthorized, or contraband materials discovered in the search. Items of contraband may include but are not limited to non-prescription controlled substances, marijuana, cocaine, amphetamines, barbiturates, apparatus used for controlled substances, alcoholic beverages, tobacco, nicotine, weapons, explosives, poisons, and stolen property. Such items are not to be possessed by a student while they are on school district property or on property within the jurisdiction of the school district, while on school owned and/or operated school or chartered vehicles, while attending or engaged in school activities, and while away from school grounds if misconduct will directly affect the good order, efficient management, and welfare of the school district. Possession of such items will be grounds for disciplinary action including suspension or expulsion and may be reported to local law enforcement authorities. The board believes that such illegal, unauthorized, or contraband materials cause material and substantial disruption to the school environment or present a threat to the health and safety of students, employees, or visitors on the school district premises or property within the jurisdiction of the school district and are prohibited.

It is the responsibility of the superintendent, in conjunction with principals, to develop administrative regulations regarding this policy.

Adopted: 7/80
Reviewed: 5/11; 3/12; 7/13; 10/14; 1/15; 10/17; 9/20; 10/23
Revised: 9/09; 2/21
Related Policy: 502.1; 502.2; 502.2-R; 502.3; 502.3-R; 502.4-R; 502.4-E
Legal Reference (Code of Iowa): 808A; 281 IAC 12.3(6)
IASB Reference: 502.08